Sucupira is a popular brazilian medicinal plant also known as white sucupira, faveiro, sucupira fava, fava-fawn, sapupira, supupira of the field, sebepira, sebipira, cutiuba, macanaiba, paracarana, among others popular names. The popular name sucupira includes species from five other different botanical families, which despite having similar morphologies, have different fruits. The best known species are Pterodon pubescens Benth and Pterodon emarginatus. Other known botanical synonyms include the species Bowdichia nitida, Bowdichia virgilioides (black sucupira) and Pterodon polygalaeflorus.
Benefits of Sucupira Seed
Sucupira seed is used to combat excess body uric acid, tonsillitis, arthritis, asthma, blenorrhagia, ovarian and uterine cysts, organic weakness, dermatosis, diabetes, sore throat, spasmodic pain, wounds, bleeding, inflammation, rheumatism, syphilis and worms. The volatile oil extracted from the husk and seeds, besides being aromatic, is effective in treatment of rheumatism and other joint pain. Tubers or root nodules, also known as sucupira potatoes, are used to control diabetes.
Sucupira has anticancer action, besides being a great tonic. A published study also found that seed essential oils are useful in fighting prostate tumors. Sucupira seed oil has beta-caryophyllene, a chemical with anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, antioxidant, anti-carcinogenic and anesthetic activity, which proves the medicinal properties of the plant.
How to make sucupira seed tea
To make sucupira seed tea, break the seeds into about four pieces. After boiling one liter of water for about ten minutes, five seeds should be dipped for one minute in hot water. Boiling the seeds for about two minutes will strengthen the tea, making it recommended for persistent pain.
After boiling the seeds with water, the medicinal tea should be cooled and kept in the refrigerator for consumption in the subsequent two. Another way of preparing tea is to boil for about 10 minutes in about a liter of water a few pieces of the seed or bark. Tea should be taken at intervals of a few hours, interspersed with water consumption. The recommendation is that the tea should be taken preferably fresh. Tea can be used to treat pain as it has analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect.
Extract and tincture
The tincture of sucupira is prepared through its fruits and used in diluted form, in minimum quantities, from 3 to 5 times a day. Extract is usually sold in capsules or solution and its use is mainly indicated for sore throat cases. Also, is also used to treat arthritis, arthrosis, gout and rheumatism, as well as relieving back and knee pain.
Contraindications and side effects of sucupira
The plant is considered very safe for consumption and has no contraindications. However, some people recommend that the tea be consumed for up to fifteen consecutive days, resuming its use after resting for another fifteen days, so that a balance in the endocrine system occurs. However, there are not enough published studies correlated with possible side effects. Also no contraindication was found regarding the continuous use of the extract or tincture.
Sucupira (Pterodon emarginatus) is a rustic tree with bluish flowering, occurs in the cerrado and in the transition range to the Atlantic Forest, in the states of Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, São Paulo, Goiás and Mato Grosso do Sul. It is a medium-sized tree. It has always been widely used by Brazilian indigenous tribes, such as the Pataxós tribe, incident in the native region of the tree. Its wood is noble and used as a raw material in the manufacture of floors and furniture. The fruit has only one seed.